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A Guide to Pomeranians

Pomeranians: fluffy companions with big personalities. Energetic and playful, they demand daily walks and playtime. Loyal yet independent, they thrive on training and socialisation. Moderate shedders, regular brushing is key. Vocal watchdogs, proper training prevents excessive barking. Consider food, vet care, toys, and grooming costs; budgeting is crucial. Invest in love, patience, and fun - your furry friend awaits!

In this Guide:

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How long do Pomeranians live?

Average Lifespan: The average lifespan of a Pomeranian is 12-16 years. They generally fall within the typical range of small dog breeds like Maltese and Toy Poodles. However, several factors can influence their individual lifespan.

Key Stages and Behaviour:

  1. Puppyhood (0-12 months):
    • Behaviour: Energetic, playful, curious, prone to chewing and teething. Requires socialisation and training.
    • Development: Rapid physical and mental growth. Learn basic commands and social cues.
  2. Adolescence (1-3 years):
    • Behaviour: Can be rebellious and testing boundaries. Increased energy and potential for chewing. Focus on obedience training and establishing clear rules.
    • Development: Reach sexual maturity. Physical growth slows down.
  3. Adulthood (3-8 years):
    • Behaviour: Calm and confident (with proper training). Enjoy routine and playtime.
    • Development: Peak physical condition. Mental maturity allows for complex learning and tricks.
  4. Seniority (8+ years):
    • Behaviour: Less active, may sleep more. Possible hearing or vision loss. Regular vet checkups are important.
    • Development: May experience age-related health issues. Gentle exercise and mental stimulation are crucial.
Colour Variations and Lifespan: There's no evidence that coat colour directly affects a Pomeranian's lifespan. While certain colours might be associated with specific genetic issues in some dog breeds, this doesn't seem to be the case for Pomeranians.

Factors Affecting Lifespan:

  • Genetics: Inheriting health conditions from parents can shorten lifespan.
  • Nutrition: A balanced diet and healthy weight promote longevity.
  • Exercise: Regular activity keeps them fit and reduces health risks.
  • Veterinary Care: Regular checkups and preventive measures are crucial.
  • Environment: Safe living conditions and avoiding accidents are important.
By providing proper care and attention, you can help your Pomeranian live a long and healthy life.

Remember, these are general guidelines, and individual dogs may vary in their development and behaviour. For specific advice, consult your veterinarian or a professional dog trainer.

How much exercise do Pomeranians need?

General Needs: Despite their small size, Pomeranians have moderate exercise needs. They typically require 30 minutes to 1 hour of activity per day. This can be broken down into walks, playtime, or a combination of both.

Factors to Consider:

  • Age: Puppies require less exercise initially (5 minutes per month of age) and gradually increase as they grow. Senior dogs may need shorter, gentler walks.
  • Health: Consult your vet for specific exercise recommendations for any health conditions.
  • Individual Personality: Some Poms are naturally more energetic than others. Pay attention to your dog's cues and adjust activity accordingly.

Activities They Enjoy:

  • Walks: Explore new environments, sniff interesting smells, and socialize with other dogs.
  • Playtime: Fetch, tug-of-war, puzzle toys, or indoor obstacle courses.
  • Dog parks: Supervised social interaction and running space.
  • Training: Provides mental stimulation and strengthens your bond.

Signs of Insufficient Exercise:

  • Destructive behaviour: Chewing, digging, excessive barking.
  • Hyperactivity: Restlessness, pacing, inability to settle.
  • Weight gain: Lack of exercise contributes to obesity.
  • Separation anxiety: Destructive behaviour when left alone.
  • Boredom: Lethargy, lack of interest in activities.


  • Start slow and gradually increase activity as your dog acclimates.
  • Variety is key: Offer different activities to keep them engaged.
  • Warm up and cool down: Avoid strenuous exercise on cold days.
  • Pay attention to weather: Avoid walking in extreme heat or cold.
  • Respect your dog's limits: Don't push them too hard.
Remember: Consult your veterinarian for personalised advice on your Pomeranian's specific exercise needs. By providing adequate exercise and mental stimulation, you can help your furry friend stay happy, healthy, and well-behaved.


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Are Pomeranians family dogs?

  • Exposure to Different People: Introduce your Pom to people of all ages, genders, and appearances (with their permission, of course). Visits to friends, family, or even parks can help.
  • Exposure to Other Dogs: Start with controlled introductions to well-socialised dogs. Puppy socialisation classes are perfect for this.
  • Exposure to Different Environments: Take your Pom on walks in various locations, car rides, visits to pet stores, etc. Let them explore different sights, sounds, and smells.
  • Positive Interactions: Ensure all interactions are positive and rewarding. Use treats, praise, and gentle handling to create positive associations.

Key Socialisation Stages:

  • Puppyhood (0-12 months): This is the critical period for socialisation. Introduce your Pom to as many positive experiences as possible.
  • Adolescence (1-3 years): Continue socialisation, focusing on obedience training and managing any potential anxieties.
  • Adulthood (3+ years): Maintain socialisation opportunities to solidify good behaviour and prevent fearfulness.

Ensuring a Friendly and Happy Dog:

  • Start early and be consistent: The younger you start, the easier it is. Regular exposure is key.
  • Respect your Pom's pace: Not all dogs take to socialisation equally. Go slow and let them adjust.
  • Focus on positive reinforcement: Reward good behaviour with treats, praise, and playtime.
  • Seek professional help if needed: If your Pom shows fear or aggression, consult a qualified dog trainer or behaviourist.

Additional Tips:

  • Involve your whole family: Everyone should participate in socialisation.
  • Use socialisation as a bonding experience: Turn it into fun adventures for both of you.
  • Enrol in puppy classes: This is a structured and safe environment for socialisation.
  • Socialise responsibly: Always leash your Pom and be mindful of others.
By implementing these tips, you can raise a confident, friendly, and happy Pomeranian who enjoys life to the fullest. Remember, socialisation is a lifelong process, so keep exposing your Pom to new experiences and building positive associations for their well-being.

How often do Pomeranians need to be groomed?

Pomeranians require regular grooming to maintain their beautiful, fluffy coat and their overall health. Here's a comprehensive guide to their grooming needs:


  • Frequency: Daily brushing is ideal, with a minimum of 2-3 times per week.
  • Tools: Use a slicker brush for the topcoat and a metal comb for the undercoat.
  • Technique: Brush gently in the direction of hair growth, starting from the root and working your way to the ends. Be thorough to prevent matting.
  • Benefits: Prevents matting, removes loose hair, distributes natural oils, improves circulation, and strengthens the bond with your dog.


  • Frequency: Every 3-4 weeks, or more often if they get dirty. Avoid over-bathing, as it can dry out their skin.
  • Shampoo: Use a gentle, dog-specific shampoo designed for double coats.
  • Technique: Wet your Pom thoroughly, apply shampoo, massage gently, and rinse well. Use warm water throughout.
  • Conditioner: Consider using a dog conditioner for added moisture and shine.
  • Drying: Towel dry thoroughly and use a hairdryer on a low setting to avoid overheating.

Other Grooming Needs:

  • Nails: Trim their nails every 2-3 weeks to prevent them from getting too long and uncomfortable. Use dog nail clippers or get them done professionally.
  • Teeth: Brush their teeth 2-3 times per week with a dog toothbrush and toothpaste to maintain dental hygiene.
  • Ears: Check their ears weekly for signs of infection (redness, odor, discharge). Gently clean with a damp cloth if needed.
  • Eyes: Wipe away any tear stains around their eyes daily with a damp cloth and pet-safe eye solution.

Additional Tips:

  • Get your Pom used to grooming from a young age to make it easier.
  • Make grooming a positive experience with treats, praise, and lots of affection.
  • Be mindful of any skin sensitivities and use hypoallergenic products if necessary.
  • Consult your veterinarian for guidance on specific grooming needs based on your Pomeranian's health and coat type.
By following these guidelines and providing consistent grooming, you can ensure your Pomeranian's coat stays healthy and beautiful, promoting their overall well-being and strengthening your bond with your furry friend.

How easy are Pomeranians to train?

Unfortunately, there's no one-size-fits-all answer to how much time your Pomeranian needs for training. Just like with us humans, individual dogs differ in their learning pace and abilities. Several factors influence their training speed, including:
  • Age: Puppies generally learn faster than adult dogs, but they also have shorter attention spans. Senior dogs might need more patience and slower training sessions.
  • Personality: Some Poms are naturally eager to please and learn quickly, while others might be more independent or easily distracted.
  • Consistency: The most crucial factor! Regular, consistent training sessions are key to success.
  • Training methods: Using positive reinforcement methods like rewards and praise is generally more effective than punishment-based techniques.
  • Complexity of commands: Basic commands like sit, stay, and come will take less time than complex tricks.

General Timeline:

  • Basic commands: With consistent training, most Pomeranians can learn basic commands like sit, stay, and come within 2-3 weeks.
  • More complex commands: Commands like "leave it" or "heel" might take 4-6 weeks or longer.
  • Tricks: Mastering tricks like rolling over or shaking paws can take even longer, depending on your dog's individual ability and your patience.

Best Training Methods:

  • Positive reinforcement: Reward your Pom with treats, praise, or playtime when they perform the desired behaviour. This creates a positive association with training and motivates them to learn.
  • Short training sessions: Keep sessions short and fun (5-10 minutes for puppies, 15-20 minutes for adults) to avoid overwhelming your dog.
  • Be patient and consistent: Don't get discouraged if your Pomeranian doesn't learn instantly. Be patient, consistent, and celebrate small successes.
  • Use clear cues: Use hand signals and clear verbal commands to avoid confusion.
  • End on a positive note: Always finish training sessions on a positive note, even if your Pom hasn't mastered the command perfectly. This keeps them motivated to continue learning.

Additional Tips:

  • Consider professional help: If you're struggling or want expert guidance, enrolling in puppy classes or consulting a professional dog trainer can be beneficial.
  • Socialise your Pom: Socialisation helps them be confident and adaptable, making training easier.
  • Make it fun! Training should be a positive experience for you and your dog. Keep it playful, engaging, and reward your furry friend for their efforts.
Remember, training is a journey, not a destination. Enjoy the process, celebrate your Pom's progress, and you'll both be amazed at what they can learn together!

Do Pomeranians shed?

Yes, Pomeranians are considered moderate to heavy shedders. They have two coats: a thick, fluffy undercoat and a longer, outer coat. This double coat serves them well in colder climates, but it also means they shed consistently throughout the year.

Here's a breakdown of their shedding habits:

  • Year-round shedding: You can expect to find Pomeranian fur on your clothes, furniture, and floors regularly. Regular brushing (ideally daily) helps manage this shedding, but it won't eliminate it completely.
  • Seasonal shedding: Pomeranians experience two periods of heavy shedding, also known as "blowing their coat," once in spring and another in fall. These periods can last for several weeks and result in significantly more fur loss.

Factors affecting shedding:

  • Age: Puppies tend to shed more as they lose their puppy coat and develop their adult coat.
  • Diet: A high-quality diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids can help reduce shedding.
  • Health: Underlying health issues like allergies or skin problems can increase shedding.

Managing Pomeranian shedding:

  • Regular brushing: Brushing daily with the right tools (slicker brush for topcoat, metal comb for undercoat) removes loose fur and prevents matting.
  • Bathing: Bathe them about every 3-4 weeks with a gentle, dog-specific shampoo.
  • Diet: Ensure they have a balanced, high-quality diet that meets their nutritional needs.
  • Vacuuming: Regular vacuuming helps keep fur under control.
  • Consider professional grooming: Regular visits to a professional groomer can help manage shedding and maintain their coat's health.
Important to note: If you notice sudden or excessive shedding outside of typical shedding periods, it's best to consult your veterinarian to rule out any underlying health concerns.

Overall, while Pomeranians do shed, consistent grooming and proper care can help you manage it and minimise its impact on your home.

How energetic are Pomeranians?

Pomeranians fall into the medium energy category when it comes to dog breeds. This means, compared to other dogs, they have moderate exercise needs but shouldn't be underestimated due to their small size.

Here's what their medium energy level means for owners:

Exercise Needs:

  • Typical recommendation: They require at least 30 minutes to 1 hour of daily activity, including walks, playtime, or a combination of both.
  • Factors to consider:
    • Age: Puppies require less exercise initially and gradually increase as they grow. Senior dogs might need shorter, gentler walks.
    • Health: Consult your vet for specific exercise recommendations if your Pom has any health conditions.
    • Individual personality: Some Poms might naturally be more energetic than others. Pay attention to your dog's cues and adjust activity accordingly.

Impact on Owners:

  • Moderate commitment: You'll need to dedicate time daily to their exercise needs. This can be incorporated into your routine with walks, playtime, or dog park visits.
  • Mentally stimulating activities: Don't just focus on physical exercise. Offer puzzle toys, training sessions, or trick learning to keep their minds active and prevent boredom-related behaviours.
  • Variety is key: Don't stick to the same routine every day. Explore new walking routes, try different games, or introduce new toys to keep them engaged.
  • Be prepared for energy bursts: Even with regular exercise, Poms might have spurts of energy, especially when young. Be ready for zoomies and playful moments.

Owner Lifestyle & Compatibility:

  • Active lifestyles: Poms can keep up with energetic owners who enjoy walks, hikes, or outdoor activities.
  • Apartment living: While smaller in size, they still need proper exercise. Ensure you can provide the daily activity they need even in apartment settings.
  • Consider your own energy level: If you prefer a more laid-back dog, a Pomeranian might not be the best fit.

Tips for Owners:

  • Start early: Establish consistent exercise routines early on, especially during puppyhood.
  • Listen to your dog: Pay attention to their cues and adjust activity based on their energy level and stamina.
  • Make it fun! Keep exercise and playtime engaging and enjoyable for both you and your Pom.
  • Seek professional help: If you struggle managing your Pom's energy, consult a dog trainer or behaviourist for guidance.
Remember, every dog is unique. While Pomeranians are generally described as medium energy, individual dogs might vary. Observing your Pom and understanding their specific needs will help you ensure they live a happy and healthy life.

How friendly are Pomeranians?

While I can't give you a definitive answer about your specific Pomeranian's temperament, I can offer some general insights based on the breed's typical personality traits. Here's what you can expect:

General Traits:

  • Alert and intelligent: Poms are known for their sharp minds and keen awareness of their surroundings. They tend to be watchful and alert, making them good watchdogs despite their small size.
  • Lively and playful: These furry balls of energy have a mischievous streak and enjoy playing with toys, engaging in zoomies, and exploring their environment.
  • Affectionate and loyal: Poms form strong bonds with their owners and show affection through cuddles, kisses, and playful interactions.
  • Independent and stubborn: They can have a mind of their own and might require consistent training and patience to avoid unwanted behaviours.
  • Vocal: Poms are known for their "big dog barks" and may be prone to excessive barking if not trained properly.
  • Adaptable: Though sometimes wary of strangers, Poms can adjust to different environments and living situations with proper socialisation.

Important factors to consider:

  • Individuality: Each Pomeranian has its own unique personality, influenced by genetics, socialisation, and upbringing. Observing your dog's behaviour and preferences will give you the best understanding of their temperament.
  • Age: Puppies tend to be more playful and energetic, while senior dogs might be calmer and less active.
  • Socialisation: Early socialisation plays a crucial role in shaping a Pom's temperament. Well-socialised dogs are more confident, adaptable, and less likely to exhibit fear or aggression.

Tips for understanding your Pom's temperament:

  • Observe their behaviour: Pay attention to how they react to different people, animals, and situations.
  • Spend quality time together: Build a strong bond with your dog through play, training, and affection.
  • Seek professional help: If you have concerns about your Pom's temperament, consult a qualified dog trainer or behaviourist.
Remember, a happy and well-adjusted Pomeranian is a result of consistent training, socialisation, and plenty of love and understanding. By learning about their typical traits and observing your individual dog, you can build a lasting bond and create a happy life together.

How expensive are Pomeranians to own?

The cost of owning a Pomeranian in GBP varies depending on several factors, including:
  1. Food:
    • Quality: Higher quality food offers better nutrition but carries a higher price tag. Budget-friendly options are available, but consider the potential impact on health.
    • Brand and size: Different brands and bag sizes impact overall cost.
    • Dog's age and activity level: Growing puppies and active adults require more food than seniors or less active dogs.

    Estimated monthly cost: £20-£50+

  2. Vet bills:
    • Preventative care: Regular checkups, vaccinations, and parasite control are crucial.
    • Unexpected illnesses or injuries: These can significantly increase vet bills.
    • Pet insurance: Can help manage unexpected costs but adds further monthly expense.

    Estimated monthly cost: £20-£50+ (excluding pet insurance)

  3. Toys and treats:
    • Frequency and quality of purchases: Buying new toys every week will be more expensive than occasional purchases. Higher-quality, durable toys generally cost more.
    • Treat type and frequency: Occasional healthy treats are fine, but regular treats add to the cost.

    Estimated monthly cost: £10-£30+

  4. Grooming:
    • DIY grooming: Requires buying brushes, shampoo, etc., and time commitment.
    • Professional grooming: Frequency and services chosen impact cost. Regular brushing helps reduce professional grooming needs.

    Estimated monthly cost: £0-£30+ (depending on DIY vs. professional)

    Total estimated monthly cost: £50-£160+ (excluding pet insurance and unexpected vet bills)

Additional costs to consider:

  • Training classes: Can be beneficial, but add to the overall cost.
  • Travel costs: Taking your dog on trips or using doggy daycare services adds to the budget.
  • Pet licence and registration fees: Varies depending on your location.
Remember, these are just estimates, and actual costs can vary significantly depending on your choices and individual dog's needs. Budgeting carefully and researching options can help you financially prepare for the responsibility of owning a Pomeranian.

Tips for saving money:

  1. Compare food brands and prices.
  2. Consider pet insurance for peace of mind and potential cost savings.
  3. Learn basic grooming tasks to reduce professional grooming frequency.
  4. Explore free or low-cost training options.
  5. Factor in unexpected expenses when budgeting.
By planning and making informed choices, you can ensure your Pomeranian receives proper care and enjoys a happy and healthy life within your budget.


based on 101253 reviews


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